Located at the border of major empires that often went to war against each other (Ottoman, Russian, and Habsburg Empires), Romania has a history marked by a long series of defensive wars against its more powerful neighbors.
Inhabited during the Antiquity by the Dacians and partially colonized by the Romans at the dawn of the first millennium, Romania’s territory was separated in smaller provinces until 1859 and 1918.
Romania was one of the most affected European countries in the two World Wars because of its crucial position on the Eastern front. A harsh communist regime was violently installed and controlled Romania from 1945 until 1989.
Romania is now a member of the European Union and NATO.
Continue reading about the history of Romania on our travel magazine www.uncover-romania.com
Explore the key landmarks of communism in Bucharest, starting with the world record Palace of the Parliament and the former residence of Ceausescu.
Take a one day tour from Bucharest to visit the medieval fortresses of Poenari and Targoviste and the Monastery of Curtea de Arges.